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Enabling Flashback Be Cautious

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Enabling flashback on 11.2.0.4 database can take minutes and cause multiple database wait events degrading database performance.

On a quite busy system, during the low peak hours, I tried to enable flashback on 11.2.0.4.6 version database and multiple sessions waited on

1. buffer exterminate

2. enq: SQ contention

3. latch: cbc contention

4. SGA: allocation forcing component growth

PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> show parameter sga_target NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------ ----------- --------------- sga_target big integer 0 23:35:40 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> show parameter db_cache_size NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------ ----------- ------------ db_cache_size big integer 39G 23:35:53 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> show parameter shared_pool NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------ ----------- ------------- shared_pool_reserved_size big integer 128M shared_pool_size big integer 4G 23:36:21 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> @free_memory_in_shared_pool.sql POOL NAME BYTES ------------ -------------------------- ---------- shared pool free memory 283039728 23:38:48 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> @shared_pool_detail.sql POOL NAME MB ------------ -------------------------- ---------- shared pool KGLH0 785.823174 shared pool SQLA 592.82975 shared pool free memory 269.572815 shared pool db_block_hash_buckets 268.503906 shared pool SQLP 192.214272 shared pool KKSSP 191.37767 shared pool FileOpenBlock 156.083519 shared pool event statistics per sess 142.083984 shared pool ksunfy : SSO free list 135.169922 shared pool KGLHD 132.602089 shared pool Checkpoint queue 128.125 shared pool dirty object counts array 128 shared pool dbktb: trace buffer 117.1875 shared pool ASH buffers 100 shared pool parameter table block 83.7121429 shared pool KGLDA 36.5461655 shared pool object queue hash buckets 36 shared pool procs: ksunfy 30.6129456 shared pool transaction 30.5776443 shared pool enqueue 27.7831573 SQL> alter database flashback on; Database altered. 23:41:28 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> / USERNAME SID SERIAL# SPID EVENT LAST_CALL_ET WAIT_TIME SECONDS_IN_WAIT STATE SQL_ID SQL_CHILD_NUMBER PLAN_HASH_VALUE MODULE ------------------------- ------- ---------- ---------- ------------------------------ ------------ ---------- --------------- ------------------- ------------- ---------------- --------------- ------------------------- APPS_USER_2 3458 9875 15518 SQL*Net message from client 0 0 0 WAITING b4pav99kxux32 0 3764792327 SessionV2 PRAKANAN_DBA 9290 35933 21649 SQL*Net message to client 0 -1 0 WAITED SHORT TIME 8q6awbsup6jm5 0 1761607409 SQL*Plus APPS_USER_2 1963 13699 28348 buffer exterminate 1 0 0 WAITING 2zrudchusrcwa 3 0 JDBC Thin Client SQL_240 7301 36487 28346 buffer exterminate 1 0 0 WAITING 2zrudchusrcwa 3 0 APPS_USER_2 7467 12721 28352 buffer exterminate 1 0 0 WAITING 2zrudchusrcwa 3 0 JDBC Thin Client APPS_USER_2 9038 42107 28351 buffer exterminate 1 0 0 WAITING 2zrudchusrcwa 3 0 JDBC Thin Client APPS_USER_2 11153 29227 28354 buffer exterminate 1 0 0 WAITING 2zrudchusrcwa 3 0 JDBC Thin Client APPS_USER_2 438 52879 28356 buffer exterminate 1 0 0 WAITING 2zrudchusrcwa 3 0 JDBC Thin Client APPS_USER_2 1449 29585 3901 read by other session 0 0 0 WAITING 4n4u2qqbfcmhu 1 1270994832 ResourceMonitor APPS_USER_2 5405 26175 6055 latch: cache buffers chains 0 -1 0 WAITED SHORT TIME 4n4u2qqbfcmhu 1 1270994832 ResourceMonitor APPS_USER_2 7807 9423 6057 db file sequential read 0 0 0 WAITING 2ksm378ta54rw 2 231135236 ResourceMonitor APPS_USER_2 2319 34579 12665 db file sequential read 0 0 0 WAITING 4n4u2qqbfcmhu 1 1270994832 ResourceMonitor APPS_USER_2 570 11479 5193 read by other session 0 0 0 WAITING 4n4u2qqbfcmhu 1 1270994832 ResourceMonitor SYS 7106 60689 14609 SGA: allocation forcing compon 11 0 0 WAITING 1pbrwgrgmfu40 0 0 sqlplus@ ent growth APPS_USER_2 196 22161 5270 read by other session 0 0 0 WAITING 4n4u2qqbfcmhu 1 1270994832 ResourceMonitor 15 rows selected. Elapsed: 00:00:00.45 23:41:29 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> / USERNAME SID SERIAL# SPID EVENT LAST_CALL_ET WAIT_TIME SECONDS_IN_WAIT STATE SQL_ID SQL_CHILD_NUMBER PLAN_HASH_VALUE MODULE ------------------------- ------- ---------- ---------- ------------------------------ ------------ ---------- --------------- ------------------- ------------- ---------------- --------------- ------------------------- APPS_USER_2 899 26003 12761 enq: TX - index contention 0 0 0 WAITING 7mvrrf2cr8w26 1 3334570644 ResourceMonitor PRAKANAN_DBA 9290 35933 21649 SQL*Net message to client 0 -1 0 WAITED SHORT TIME 8q6awbsup6jm5 0 1761607409 SQL*Plus SYS 7106 60689 14609 SGA: allocation forcing compon 12 0 1 WAITING 1pbrwgrgmfu40 0 0 sqlplus@ ent growth Elapsed: 00:00:00.44 23:41:30 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> / USERNAME SID SERIAL# SPID EVENT LAST_CALL_ET WAIT_TIME SECONDS_IN_WAIT STATE SQL_ID SQL_CHILD_NUMBER PLAN_HASH_VALUE MODULE ------------------------- ------- ---------- ---------- ------------------------------ ------------ ---------- --------------- ------------------- ------------- ---------------- --------------- ------------------------- APPS_USER_2 45 5745 18731 db file sequential read 0 -1 0 WAITED SHORT TIME 7mvrrf2cr8w26 0 3334570644 ResourceMonitor PRAKANAN_DBA 9290 35933 21649 SQL*Net message to client 0 -1 0 WAITED SHORT TIME 8q6awbsup6jm5 0 1761607409 SQL*Plus APPS_USER_2 10446 23443 14617 SQL*Net message from client 0 5 0 WAITED KNOWN TIME 8tk54xvssnx13 0 3718310410 SessionV2 SYS 7106 60689 14609 SGA: allocation forcing compon 13 0 2 WAITING 1pbrwgrgmfu40 0 0 sqlplus@ ent growth 23:42:17 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> show parameter shared_pool NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------ ----------- ---------------------- shared_pool_reserved_size big integer 128M shared_pool_size big integer 4224M 23:42:48 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> @free_memory_in_shared_pool.sql POOL NAME BYTES ------------ -------------------------- ---------- shared pool free memory 2147133056 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> @hidden_param Enter value for parameter: _memory_imm_mode_without_autosga Enter value for 1: _memory_imm_mode_without_autosga old 11: AND a.ksppinm like DECODE(LOWER('%&parameter%'), 'all', a.ksppinm, LOWER('%&1%')) new 11: AND a.ksppinm like DECODE(LOWER('%_memory_imm_mode_without_autosga%'), 'all', a.ksppinm, LOWER('%_memory_imm_mode_without_autosga%')) PARAMETER DESCRIPTION SESSION_VA INSTANCE_V ------------------------------------- ------------------------------ ---------- ---------- _memory_imm_mode_without_autosga Allow immediate mode without TRUE TRUE sga/memory target 23:43:18 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> select start_time,COMPONENT, PARAMETER, INITIAL_SIZE/1024/1024 "INITIAL_SIZE",FINAL_SIZE/1024/1024 "FINAL_SIZE", STATUS from v$SGA_RESIZE_OPS where start_time > sysdate -1 order by 1; START_TIME COMPONENT PARAMETER INITIAL_SIZE FINAL_SIZE STATUS ------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------ ---------- --------- 2016.11.01 23:41:21 shared pool shared_pool_size 4096 4096 ERROR 2016.11.01 23:41:21 DEFAULT buffer cache db_cache_size 39936 39936 ERROR 2016.11.01 23:41:31 DEFAULT buffer cache db_cache_size 39936 39808 COMPLETE 2016.11.01 23:41:31 shared pool shared_pool_size 4096 4224 COMPLETE 23:43:33 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> @shared_pool_resize_ops.sql END OPER_TYPE INITIAL_SIZE TARGET_SIZE FINAL_SIZE ----------------------- ------------- ------------ ----------- ---------- 01-Nov-2016 23:41 GROW 4294967296 4429185024 4294967296 01-Nov-2016 23:41 GROW 4294967296 4429185024 4429185024 29-Nov-2015 09:01 STATIC 0 4294967296 4294967296 23:43:56 PRAKANAN_DBA@:1> @shared_pool_detail.sql POOL NAME MB ------------ -------------------------- ---------- shared pool free memory 2044.86245 shared pool db_block_hash_buckets 268.503906 shared pool KKSSP 191.963104 shared pool FileOpenBlock 156.083519 shared pool event statistics per sess 142.083984 shared pool ksunfy : SSO free list 135.169922 shared pool Checkpoint queue 128.125 shared pool dirty object counts array 128 shared pool flashback generation buff 124.156067 shared pool dbktb: trace buffer 117.1875 shared pool ASH buffers 100 shared pool parameter table block 83.8214722 shared pool object queue hash buckets 36 shared pool procs: ksunfy 30.6129456 shared pool transaction 30.5776443 shared pool enqueue 27.7831573 shared pool buffer handles 25.1770096 shared pool state objects 22.5323486 shared pool write state object 19.9843826 shared pool KGLH0 18.8174286

Alert log :-

alter database flashback on Starting background process RVWR Tue Nov 01 23:40:08 2016 RVWR started with pid=6159, OS id=1030 Tue Nov 01 23:40:29 2016 Errors in file /dumps-01/diag/rdbms/db1/db1/trace/db1_ora_29214.trc: ORA-00379: no free buffers available in buffer pool DEFAULT for block size 8K ORA-00379: no free buffers available in buffer pool DEFAULT for block size 8K Trace file shows -- Scanned into hot portion of LRU Deadlock because all buffers pinned. In set=527, bsz=8192, wsi=0, poolid=3, pool_name=DEFAULT Buffers originally scanned and found pinned = [189 0], evict=189, aged=0 Buffers rescanned on auxiliary list = 0 Buffers rescanned on main list = 140 Buffers in working set 189 (0), hbufs=50, hbmax=50 Buffers on repl list main=189, aux=0 Scanned into hot portion of LRU Deadlock because all buffers pinned. In set=528, bsz=8192, wsi=0, poolid=3, pool_name=DEFAULT Buffers originally scanned and found pinned = [185 1], evict=184, aged=0 Buffers rescanned on auxiliary list = 0 Buffers rescanned on main list = 136 Buffers in working set 185 (0), hbufs=50, hbmax=50 Buffers on repl list main=185, aux=0 *** 2016-11-01 23:40:29.473 dbkedDefDump(): Starting a non-incident diagnostic dump (flags=0x0, level=3, mask=0x0) ----- Error Stack Dump ----- ORA-00379: no free buffers available in buffer pool DEFAULT for block size 8K ORA-00379: no free buffers available in buffer pool DEFAULT for block size 8K ----- SQL Statement (None) ----- Current SQL information unavailable - no cursor.

From Metalink Doc id 2195173.1

The normal behavior is that the flashback buffer is only allocated at mount time if flashback is already enabled, otherwise the flashback buffer is allocated later when the Database Administrator decides to enable flashback (either explicitly, or by creating the first restore point) but in the latter case, there is the possibility that the database performance may be impacted as the instance searches for the required amount of contiguous memory in shared pool to allocate to the flashback buffer.

The issue is related to

Bug 24838599 Turning on Flashback Database May Take Minutes to Complete and may cause errors ORA-4031 ORA-379″ Doc ID 24838599.8

Patch 24838599: TURNING ON FLASHBACK DATABASE TAKES 15 MINUTES TO COMPLETE

Post Install Instructions for Bug 24838599 Turning on Flashback Database May Take Minutes to Complete (Doc ID 2195173.1)

Hope this helps!!


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