Quantcast
Channel: CodeSection,代码区,网络安全 - CodeSec
Viewing all articles
Browse latest Browse all 12749

Hardening assessment and automation with OpenSCAP in 5 minutes

0
0

Hardening assessment and automation with OpenSCAP in 5 minutes
provides a mechanism to check configurations, vulnerability management andevaluate policy compliance for a variety ofsystems. One of the most popular implementations of SCAP is OpenSCAP and it is very helpful for vulnerability assessment and also as hardening helper.

In this article I’m going to show you how to use OpenSCAP in 5 minutes (or less). We will create reports and also dynamically hardening a CentOS 7 server.

Installation for CentOS 7:

yum -y install openscap openscap-utils scap-security-guide
wget http://people.redhat.com/swells/scap-security-guide/RHEL/7/output/ssg-rhel7-ocil.xml -O /usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/ssg-rhel7-ocil.xml

Create a configuration assessment report in xccdf (eXtensible Configuration Checklist Description Format):

oscap xccdf eval --profile stig-rhel7-server-upstream \
--results $(hostname)-scap-results-$(date +%Y%m%d).xml \
--report $(hostname)-scap-report-$(date +%Y%m%d)-after.html \
--oval-results --fetch-remote-resources \
--cpe /usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/ssg-rhel7-cpe-dictionary.xml \
/usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/ssg-centos7-xccdf.xml

Now you can see your report, and it will be something like this (hostname.localdomain-scap-report-20161214.html):


Hardening assessment and automation with OpenSCAP in 5 minutes
Hardening assessment and automation with OpenSCAP in 5 minutes
Hardening assessment and automation with OpenSCAP in 5 minutes

See also different group rules considered:


Hardening assessment and automation with OpenSCAP in 5 minutes

You can go through the fails in red and see how to fix them manually or dynamically generate a bash script to fix them. Take a note ofthe Score number that your system got, it will be a reference after hardening.

In order to generate ascript to fix all needed and harden the system (andimprove the score),we need to know our report result-id, we can get it running this command using the results xml file:

export RESULTID=$(grep TestResult $(hostname)-scap-results-$(date +%Y%m%d).xml | awk -F\" '{ print $2 }')

Run oscap command to generate the fix script, we will call it fixer.sh:

oscap xccdf generate fix \
--result-id $RESULTID \
--output fixer.sh $(hostname)-scap-results-$(date +%Y%m%d).xml
chmod +x fixer.sh

Now you should have a fixer.sh script to fix all issues, open and edit it if needed. For instance, remember that the script will enable SElinux and do lots ofchanges to Auditd configuration.If you have a different configuration you can run commands like bellow after running ./fixer.sh to keep SElinux permissive and in case you can change some actions of Auditd.

sed -i "s/^SELINUX=.*/SELINUX=permissive/g" /etc/selinux/config
sed -i "s/^space_left_action =.*/space_left_action = syslog/g" /etc/audit/auditd.conf
sed -i "s/^admin_space_left_action =.*/admin_space_left_action = syslog/g" /etc/audit/auditd.conf

Then you canbuilda new assessment report to see how much it improved your system hardening (note I added -after to the files name):

oscap xccdf eval --profile stig-rhel7-server-upstream \
--results $(hostname)-scap-results-$(date +%Y%m%d)-after.xml \
--report $(hostname)-scap-report-$(date +%Y%m%d)-after.html \
--oval-results --fetch-remote-resources \
--cpe /usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/ssg-rhel7-cpe-dictionary.xml \
/usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/ssg-centos7-xccdf.xml

Additionally, we can generate another evaluation report of the system in OVAL format (Open Vulnerability and Assessment Language):

oscap oval eval --results $(hostname)-oval-results-$(date +%Y%m%d).xml \
--report $(hostname)-oval-report-$(date +%Y%m%d).html \
/usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/ssg-rhel7-oval.xml

OVAL report will give you another view of your system status and configuration ir order to allow you improve it and follow up, making sure your environment reaches the level your organization requires.

Sample OVAL report:


Hardening assessment and automation with OpenSCAP in 5 minutes

Happy hardening!

Good read andreference https://gist.github.com/gregelin/f94ba31f004ca4acea87


Viewing all articles
Browse latest Browse all 12749

Latest Images

Trending Articles





Latest Images